Description: Gibson Les Paul Standard Sunburst solidbody guitar
If you have a vintage Gibson Les Paul Sunburst guitar for sale (any year from the 1958 to 1960), please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
All original sunburst Les Pauls should have a two piece maple top with a center seam. Though there are some early 1958 Sunburst Les Paul examples that have off-center seam maple tops (serial numbers 8 1641, 8 3102, 8 3322). These may be Les Paul Goldtops refinished to sunburst (or I guess possibly early sunburst experiments by the factory), because adjacent serial numbers are goldtops (8 1008, 8 1151, 8 2074, 8 2795, 8 3127, 8 3305, 8 3324, 8 3823). The earliest known sunbursts are 8 3096 and 8 3087 (with 8 3087 generally thought of as "the first sunburst"), and they are logged into the Gibson ledger books on May 28 as "2 LP Spec. finish". Also 8 1641 was the first listing in the Gibson ledger books February 25, 1958 and was listed as "LP cherry red sunburst". Remember more than half of the 1958 Les Pauls made were goldtops (since the sunburst began in July 1958) The earliest verifiable Les Pauls with original sunburst finish are 8 3087 (with no visible center seam) and 8 3096 as both are marked in the Gibson ledger books as "2 LP Spec finish".
By July 1958, Gibson has replaced the gold top finish on the Les Paul with a cherry red sunburst finish. A cosmetic result of replacing the gold top was the grain of the maple top was now clearly visible. One of the peculiarities of the maple used was that some maple had flamed/figured patterns that ran across the grain. This could give a 3-dimensional look to the maple that is often called "figure" or "flame". These "tiger stripe" patterns can be very beautiful. Back in 1958 it was just pot luck as to how figured the maple top was on any particular Les Paul. Probably only 20% of all Les Paul Sunburst guitars from 1958 to 1960 had any significant maple figuring.
Many of Gibson's 1958 to early 1960 red Sunbursts were sprayed with an ultra-violet sensitive dye. With exposure to sunlight, the red often faded making the "sunburst" an "unburst", giving the Les Paul's top a uniform yellowish-brown color. Hence the reason why 1958 to 1960 Gibson Les Paul Sunburst guitars can now be seen in a variety shades of sunbursts. The extent to which the Sunburst faded depended not just upon how much UV exposure they'd had but also when they were made. The models from 1959 to mid-1960 tend to have the red dye that fades the most. Late 1960 Les Paul Sunburst models were finished with a red dye that was more impervious to fading and are often still a bright cherry red sunburst. This finish often has a more "tomato soup" type of red to it, which I personally find less cosmetically appealing. The 1958 Sunburst Les Pauls also seem to fade a bit less than the 1959 to early 1960 models.
The Les Paul Sunbursts went through a few minor changes during 1958 to 1960. The fretwire used was changed to a wider type in early 1959, around serial number "9 0400". Also the neck shape was altered to make the neck less clubby. By mid-1960 the neck profile was reduced even more to a very flat profile (and less desirable in my opinion). This change was progressive, starting around "0 0700" with a slightly less clubby neck. By "0 2000" the neck is just a bit thinner, but still fairly meaty. By "0 7000" the neck had gotten a rather thin backshape.
In late 1958 the jack plate and R/T ring plastics changed. From 1952 to 1958 the jack plate had more squared corners. By mid-1959 this changed to more rounded corners (a small detail but worth mentioning). Also around this period the Rhytm/Treble ring plastic switch plate changed too, with the font slightly different (thinner, more stylized) than the earlier 1953 to 1958 block lettering style. Also the plastic itself is just a touch thinner on the 1959 "poker chip" R/T ring.
In 1959 Gibson's supplier of plastic ran out of black pigment for a while, hence soome pickup's bobbins went from being both black to sometimes cream and black (known as "zebras") or even both cream. But the pickup's bobbins would not normally be visible, unless the pickup covers were removed (which some people did do especially in the 1960s). This was seen starting around serial number "9 0600" and lasted for at least half of 1960. Also in 1960 the knobs changed to the "reflector" style with metal caps. This happened around serial number "0 7000". Note the last Les Paul Sunburst is generally agreed to be serial number "0 11495" and it does not have the "tomato soup" 1960 finish that was seen in the "0 7000" range of sunburst models (it has a more 1959 style look.)
Les Pauls from late-1955 and onward were fitted with the standard tune-o-matic bridge and seperate stop tailpiece. But a few (perhaps around 10%) came with an optional Bigsby B7 vibrato instead of a stop tailpiece. This was a rather clunky vibrato, nowhere near as efficent as the tremolo on the Fender Stratocaster. Hence today Les Paul Sunburst guitars with the Bigsby vibrato installed (or previously installed, leaving holes in the top) tend to sell for less today than their stop tailpiece equivalents. Removing a Bigsby vibrato does however leave holes in the wood so once a Bigsby was installed, there was no way to make the holes disappear.
The toggle switch route changed in last 1957, and again in mid-1958, with the move from goldtop to sunburst. The goldtop 1958 models have a "stairstep" in the toggle switch route, where most 1958 sunbursts do not. Though interestingly sunburst 8 3087 does have the stairstep toggle switch route, but others in the 8 55xx range do not. So if there was confusion on a refinished 1958 model as to it being goldtop or sunburst, this information may help.
Ironically the Les Pauls of the late 1950s were not really all that popular at the time. Gibson only made about 1700 Sunburst Les Paul between 1958 and 1960. The reason for this was the humbucking pickups and solid mahagony body with maple top produced lots of sustain and a mellow tone. This was good for jazz player, except jazz player tended to use archtop electric/acoustics, not solid body guitars. Yet the Les Paul's smaller and solid body might have appeal to rock and roll players, except the rock and roll guitar sound (and country sound) of the 1950s was brighter (for which a Fender Strat or Tele would be better). So the Les Paul Sunburst had few fans during the 1950s. It wasn't until the British blues/rock invasion of the mid/late 1960s that suddenly the Les Paul became popular.
Since the late 1970s, Gibson has made many reissue Les Paul Standards which look very much like the original 1958, 1959, 1960 Les Paul Standard model. So how do you tell the difference? One easy way is by the positioning of the stop tailpiece. Gibson has never gotten this right on any of their reissue Les Pauls. On a 1956 to 1960 Les Paul with a stop tailpiece, if you run an imaginary line from the center of the Low-E tailpiece stud through the center of the High-E tailpiece stud and continue that line, the line will touch the north edge of the Neck volume knob and the south edge of the Bridge volume knob. On reissues the line through the center of the tailpiece studs runs right into the Neck volume knob (the line is no where near the Bridge volume knob).
This picture shows the stop tailpiece position and
Other things that easily tell a reissue from a real 1950s Les Paul are the fingerboard inlays. The celluloid Gibson used during the 1950s has a considerably different look than today's inlays. Celluloid is like wood, every "batch" or block is different. So there really is no way to get today's celluloid to look like the 1950s inlays. The best someone could do is to steal the inlays from a 1950s Gibson CF-100 and transplant them into a reissue.
If you need to figure out the exact year of your Gibson Les Paul Sunburst, use the Serial Number. See the Gibson Serial Number Info web page for help determining the exact year.
If you have a vintage Gibson Les Paul Sunburst guitar for sale (any year from 1952 to 1960), please contact me at email@example.com
Here's the top of the guitar with the Bigsby removed.
Picture below shows a 58 goldtop (serial number 8 28xx) toggle switch route
versus a 58 sunburst (serial number (8 55xx) toggle route. This demonstrates
a change in routing from goldtops to sunbursts. This is valuable information as
it can show if a 1958 goldtop was re-finished to a sunburst.
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